Combination of 3D printing and electrospinning to develop chitin/gelatin/PVA scaffolds

Teresa Carranza, Jone Uranga, Ainhoa Irastorza, Ander Izeta, Pedro Guerrero, Koro de la Caba

Article ID: 701
Vol 9, Issue 3, 2023, Article identifier:

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In this study, novel scaffolds based on natural polymers were developed by combining 3D printing (3DP) and electrospinning (ES) techniques. ES ink was prepared with gelatin and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), while 3DP ink was prepared with gelatin and chitin. Different biopolymers were used to confer unique properties to each ink and obtain a multilayered scaffold suitable for tissue regeneration. First, gelatin is able to exhibit the characteristics needed for both inks since gelatin chains contain arginine-glycine-aspartic (RGD) motifs, an important sequence in the promotion of cell adhesion, which gives gelatin an improved biological behavior in comparison to other polymers. Additionally, PVA was selected for ES ink to facilitate gelatin spinnability, and chitin was incorporated into 3DP ink as reinforcement to provide mechanical support and protection to the overall design. In this work, chitin was extracted from fruit fly pupae. The high extraction yield and purity of the chitin obtained from the fruit fly pupae confirmed that this pupa is an alternative source to produce chitin. Once the chitin was characterized, both inks were prepared and rheological analysis was carried out in order to confirm the shear thinning behavior required for additive manufacturing processes. The combination of 3DP and ES processes resulted in porous scaffolds, which were proven biocompatible, highlighting their potential for biomedical applications.



Fruit fly pupae; Chitin; Gelatin; 3D printing; Electrospinning; Scaffolds

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