Fast Customization of Hollow Microneedle Patches for Insulin Delivery

Rong Li, Xuan Liu, Xin Yuan, Shanshan Wu, Li Li, Xuebing Jiang, Bo Li, Xian Jiang, Maling Gou

Article ID: 553
Vol 8, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:

VIEWS - 341 (Abstract) 115 (PDF) 26 (Supp. File (Video 1))



Hollow microneedle patches (HMNPs) have great promise for efficient and precise transdermal drug delivery in a painless manner. Currently, the clinical application of HMNPs is restricted by its complex manufacturing processes. Here, we use a new three-dimensional (3D) printing technology, static optical projection lithography (SOPL), for the fast fabrication of HMNPs. In this technology, a light beam is modulated into a customized pattern by a digital micromirror device (DMD) and projected to induce the spatial polymerization of monomer solutions which is controlled by the distribution of the light intensity in the monomer solutions. After an annulus picture is inputted into the DMD via the computer, the microneedles with hollow-cone structure can be precisely printed in seconds. By designing the printing pictures, the personalized HMNPs can be fast customized, which can afford the scale-up preparation of personalized HMNPs. Meanwhile, the obtained hollow microneedles (HMNs) have smooth surface without layer-by-layer structure in the commonly 3D-printed products. After being equipped with a micro-syringe, the HMNPs can efficiently deliver insulin into the skin by injection, resulting in effective control of the blood glucose level in diabetic mice. This work demonstrates a SOPL-based 3D printing technology for fast customization of HMNPs with promising medical applications.


Microneedle; Three-dimensional printing; Hollow microneedle patches; Fabrication; Drug delivery


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