Optimization of 3D Printing Parameters of Biodegradable Polylactic Acid/Hydroxyapatite Composite Bone Plates

Patiguli Aihemaiti, Houfeng Jiang, Aiyiti Wurikaixi, Ayiguli Kasimu

Article ID: 490
Vol 8, Issue 1, 2022, Article identifier:490

VIEWS - 793 (Abstract) 386 (PDF)

Abstract


The building parameters of three-dimensional (3D) printed polylactic acid/hydroxyapatite (HA) composite bone plates were optimized by an orthogonal experiment, and the effects of the layer thickness, printing speed, filament feeding speed, and HA content on the bending strengths of the specimens were analyzed. The deformation characteristics of the specimens were studied by 3D full-field strain analysis, and the internal defects of the specimens were analyzed. The effects of different combinations of the process parameters on the cross-sectional shape of the single deposited line, printing temperature, and pressure of the molten material were further analyzed. The results showed that the factors affecting the bending properties were the layer thickness, printing speed, filament feeding speed, and HA content, successively. The optimized process parameters were an HA content of 10%, a layer thickness of 0.1 mm, a printing speed of 30 mm/s, and a filament feeding speed of 0.8 mm/s, and the optimized specimen bending strength was 103.1 ± 5.24 MPa. The deposited line with a flat section shape and width greater than the print spacing helped to reduce the porosity of the specimens. The process parameters that resulted in large high-temperature areas and a high extrusion pressure could better promote material fusion.


Keywords


Additive manufacturing, Composite material, Biodegradable bone plate, Orthogonal experiment, Bending strength

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijb.v8i1.490

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