Design Criteria for Patient-specific Mandibular Continuity Defect Reconstructed Implant with Lightweight Structure using Weighted Topology Optimization and Validated with Biomechanical Fatigue Testing

Chun-Li Lin, Yu-Tzu Wang, Chun-Ming Chang, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Wei-Heng Tsai

Article ID: 437
Vol 8, Issue 1, 2022, Article identifier:437

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This study developed design criterion for patient-specific reconstructed implants with appearance consideration and structural optimization of various mandibular continuity defects. The different mandible continuity defects include C (from left to right canines), B (from 1st premolar to 3rd molar), and A (from 3rd molar to ramus) segments defined based on the mandible image. The finite element (FE) analysis and weighted topology optimization methods were combined to design internal support beam structures within different reconstructed implants with corresponding occlusal conditions. Five continuity mandibular defects (single B/C/A+B and combination of B+C and B+C+B segments) were restored using additive manufacturing (AM) reconstructed implant and bone plate to confirm reasonable design criterion through biomechanical fatigue testing. The worst mandible strength was filtered based on the material mechanics and results from segmental bone length, thickness, and height statistics from the established database containing mandible images of 105 patients. The weighted optimization analysis results indicated that the sizes and positions of internal supporting beams within the reconstructed C, B, and A+B implants can be defined parametrically through corresponding segmental bone length, width, and height. The FE analysis found that the weight variation percentage between the parametric designed implants and original core solid implants in the C, B, and A+B was reduced by 54.3%, 63.7%, and 69.7%, respectively. The maximum stress values of the reconstructed implant and the remaining bone were not obviously reduced but the stress values were far lower than the material ultimate strength. The biomechanical fatigue testing indicated that all cases using the AM reconstructed implant could pass the 250,000 dynamic load. However, condyle head, bone plate fracture, and bone screw loosening could be found in cases using bone plates. This study developed a design criterion for patient-specific reconstructed implants for various mandibular continuity defects applicable for AM to further clinical use.


Patient-specific implant, Mandibular continuity defect, Topology optimization, Finite element analysis, Additive manufacturing, Biomechanical testing

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