Investigating the Effect of Carbon Nanomaterials Reinforcing Poly(ε-Caprolactone) Printed Scaffolds for Bone Repair Applications

Yanhao Hou, Weiguang Wang, Paulo Jorge Da Silva Bartolo

Article ID: 266
Vol 6, Issue 2, 2020, Article identifier:266

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Abstract


Scaffolds, three-dimensional (3D) substrates providing appropriate mechanical support and biological environments for new tissue formation, are the most common approaches in tissue engineering. To improve scaffold properties such as mechanical properties, surface characteristics, biocompatibility and biodegradability, different types of fillers have been used reinforcing biocompatible and biodegradable polymers. This paper investigates and compares the mechanical and biological behaviors of 3D printed poly(ε-caprolactone) scaffolds reinforced with graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) at different concentrations. Results show that contrary to G which improves mechanical properties and enhances cell attachment and proliferation, GO seems to show some cytotoxicity, particular at high contents.


Keywords


Biomanufacturing, Graphene, Graphene oxide, Poly(ε-caprolactone), Scaffolds, Tissue engineering

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijb.v6i2.266

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