Effects of Topology Optimization in Multimaterial 3D Bioprinting of Soft Actuators

Ali Zolfagharian, Martin Denk, Abbas Z. Kouzani, Mahdi Bodaghi, Saeid Nahavandi, Akif Kaynak

Article ID: 260
Vol 6, Issue 2, 2020, Article identifier:260

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Abstract


Recently, there has been a proliferation of soft robots and actuators that exhibit improved capabilities and adaptability through three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting. Flexibility and shape recovery attributes of stimuli-responsive polymers as the main components in the production of these dynamic structures enable soft manipulations in fragile environments, with potential applications in biomedical and food sectors. Topology optimization (TO), when used in conjunction with 3D bioprinting with optimal design features, offers new capabilities for efficient performance in compliant mechanisms. In this paper, multimaterial TO analysis is used to improve and control the bending performance of a bioprinted soft actuator with electrolytic stimulation. The multimaterial actuator performance is evaluated by the amplitude and rate of bending motion and compared with the single material printed actuator. The results demonstrated the efficacy of multimaterial 3D bioprinting optimization for the rate of actuation and bending.


Keywords


Multimaterial, Three-dimensional bioprinting, Topology optimization, Soft actuator, Soft robot

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijb.v6i2.260

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