Extrusion-based 3D food printing – Materials and machines

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Cavin Tan, Wei Yan Toh, Gladys Wong, Li Lin


To help people with dysphagia increase their food intake, 3D printing can be used to improve the visual appeal of pureed diets. In this review, we have looked at the works done to date on extrusion-based 3D food printing with an emphasis on the edible materials (food inks) and machinery (printers) used. We discuss several methods that researchers have employed to modify conventional food materials into printable formulations. In general, additives such as hydrocolloids may modify the rheological properties and texture of a pureed food to confer printability. Some examples of such additives include starch, pectin, gelatin, nanocellulose, alginate, carrageenan etc. In the second part, we have looked at various food printers that have been developed for both academic and commercial purposes. We identified several common advantages and limitations that these printers shared. Moving forward, future research into food printer development should aim to improve on these strengths, eliminate these limitations and incorporate new capabilities.


additive manufacturing; food printer; food ink; hydrocolloid; dysphagia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijb.v4i2.143


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