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Bioprinting of artificial blood vessels

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Hooi Yee Ng, Kai-Xing Alvin Lee, Che-Nan Kuo, Yu-Fang Shen

Abstract


Vascular networks have an important role to play in transporting nutrients, oxygen, metabolic wastes and maintenance of homeostasis. Bioprinting is a promising technology as it is able to fabricate complex, specific multi-cellular constructs with precision. In addition, current technology allows precise depositions of individual cells, growth factors and biochemical signals to enhance vascular growth. Fabrication of vascularized constructs has remained as a main challenge till date but it is deemed as an important stepping stone to bring organ engineering to a higher level. However, with the ever advancing bioprinting technology and knowledge of biomaterials, it is expected that bioprinting can be a viable solution for this problem. This article presents an overview of the biofabrication of vascular and vascularized constructs, the different techniques used in vascular engineering such as extrusion-based, droplet-based and laser-based bioprinting techniques, and the future prospects of bioprinting of artificial blood vessels.

Keywords


3D bioprinting; vascularized constructs; vascular tissue engineering; extrusion-based bioprinting; droplet-based bioprinting; laser-based bioprinting

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijb.v4i2.140

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